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TOURING THE GLOBAL VILLAGE: VIEWS FROM OUR ANCIENT ORACULAR NEIGHBOURHOOD


"First, in this prayer of mine, I give the place of highest honor among the gods to the first prophet, Gaia; and after her to Themis* for she was the second to take this oracular seat of her mother, as legend tells. And in the third allotment, with Themis’ consent and not by force, another Titan, child of Gaia, Phoebe, took her seat here. She gave it as a birthday gift to Phoebus [Apollo], who has his name from Phoebe."

-Pythian Priestess [Aeschylus, Eumenides]
Themis as Pythia

 


 

From Napoleon and Josephine’s

BOOK OF FATE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We can never see past
the choices
we don’t understand.
– The Oracle, The Matrix
The Oracle's Advice

 

 

 

 

Candles
Fatima - Fatima @ Ladyhawke
Mystique
Oracle of Delphos
Oracle of Delos - Delos info
Oracle Quiz

 

Palm: what does your palm tell others about your character?

hand, thumb, thumb ring, ring of solomon, and a variety of tattoo examples from recent film list
Line of Intuition, Mercury and Jupiter fingers, seal of iron, and palm of Garcia

Return Oracle Home

 

In 300 B.C., after the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greece included Egypt, Syria and places as far as the Indus and Ai Khanoum. Ancient Hellas had no official entity, however, no core; it was the sum of several hundred parts. States flourished and declined – Argos, Corinth, Lesbos, Athens, Sparta, Syracuse, Thebes, Rhodes, Pergamum, Alexandria – but there was no capital. There was, however, a particular place which claimed to be the omphalos, the ‘navel of the world’. The story was that Zeus sent two eagles flying round the earth in opposite directions, and that where they met he founded the great sanctuary and oracle of his son Apollo – Delphi.

-Oliver Taplin, GREEK FIRE

 

 

Click Globe
to House System
 

 

 

 

Babylon 5: Why did the Minbari surrender at the battle of the line? 3:59

sometimes the best offense is a good defense

Severed Dreams If You Value Your Lives Be Somewhere Else. 2:13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ART TO CLASSIFY THE ARCHETYPE

Daybreak
by Parrish

Four Cardinal Virtues
Temperance
Fortitude
Prudence
Justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ORACLE Themis and Aigeus

 

Footnotes - an open door

Labyrinth resources

Hellenic Art

The Phoenix, with St. Bernadette
- Lake House review
Roger Ebert

Masons: Women in Masonic Regalia

Masonic Writers [a short list]: Mark Twain, Sir Walter Scott, William Shakespeare, Wassily I. Maikow, Heinrich Heine, Jean P.C. de Florian, Leopoldo Lugoner, Antonio de Castro Alves, James Boswell, Alexander Pushkin, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Jonathan Swift, Oscar Wilde, Jules Verne, H.G. Wells, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Gotthold E. Lessing, Voltaire, Robert Burns, Carlo Collodi (Pinoccio), Edward Gibbon, Francis Scott Key (US National Anthem), Rudyard Kipling, Felix Salten (Bambi), Lewis Wallace (Ben Hur), and Alexander Pope

Minas Morgul

Mountain Lake Wave

Order of the Phoenix 12 Grimmauld Place with Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Professor Remus Lupin

Professor Sibyll Trelawney instructs Divination Class
The Ministry of Magic
Trump VI

Records of Isildur in archives of Minas Tirith
allusion to Akasha Records?
Strider in the Wild
Amon Sûl Supper information
Royal Marriage
of Gondor

 

 

PART I ~ Introductory Account of Ancient Oracles, Oracle of Delphos, Oracle of Delos

PART II Oracle of Ammon, Oracle of Dodona, The Roman Augers, The Sibylline Books

 

Oracle Delphi
Navel of the Earth
The Sistene Chapel - The Vatican

This oracle, discovered in the Royal Tombs near Mount Libycus, in Upper Egypt, by M. Sonnini in 1801
was given to Napoleon, translated and bound as a book, by Empress Josephine.

INTRODUCTORY ACCOUNT OF ANCIENT ORACLES

No institution is more famous than the ancient Oracles of Egypt, Greece, and Rome. They were said to be the will of the gods themselves, and they were consulted, not only upon every important matter, but even in the affairs of private life. To make peace or war, to introduce a change of government, to plant a colony, to enact laws, to raise an edifice, or to marry, were all sufficient reasons to consult the will of the gods. Mankind, in consulting them, showed that they wished to pay implicit obedience to the command of the divinity, and, when they had been favoured with an answer, they acted with more spirit, and with more vigour, conscious that the undertaking had met with the sanction and approbation of heaven. In this, therefore, it will not appear wonderful that so many places were sacred to oracular purposes.

The small province of Boeotia could once boast of her 25 oracles, and Peloponnesus of the same number. Not only the chief of the gods gave oracles, but, in process of time, heroes were admitted to enjoy the same privileges; and the oracles of a Trophonius and an Antinous, were soon able to rival the fame of Apollo and of Jupiter. The most celebrated oracles of antiquity were those of Dodona, Delphi, Jupiter Ammon, &c. The temple of Delphi seemed to claim a superiority over the other temples; its fame was once more extended, and its riches were so great, that not only private persons, but even kings and numerous armies, made it an object of plunder and of rapine. [go theatre of Apollo]

The manner of delivering oracles was different. A priestess at Delphi was permitted to pronounce the oracles of the god, and her delivery of the answers was always attended with acts of apparent madness and desperate fury. Not only women, but even doves, were the ministers of the temple of Dodona; and the suppliant votary was often startled to hear his questions readily answered by the decayed trunk, or the spreading branches of a neighbouring oak. Ammon conveyed his answers in a plain and open manner; but Amphiarius required many ablutions and preparatory ceremonies, and he generally communicated his oracles to his suppliants in dreams and visions. Sometimes the first words that were heard, after issuing from the temple, were deemed the answers of the oracles, and sometimes the nodding or shaking of the head of the statue, the motions of fishes in a neighbouring lake, or their reluctance in accepting the food which was offered to them, were as strong and valid as the most express and most minute explanations.

It is a question among the learned, whether the oracles were given by the inspiration of evil spirits, or whether they proceeded from the imposture of the priests. Imposture, however, and forgery, cannot long flourish, and falsehood becomes its own destroyer; and on the contrary, it is well known how much confidence the people, even of the enlightened age, place upon dreams, prophecies, and unaccountable incidents. Some have strongly believed that all the oracles of the earth ceased at the birth of Christ, but the supposition is false.

(Note: See the miracle of the swallows at San Juan Capistrano on March 19 each year; the Monarch butterfly migration, Dodona Temple birds and many more are well documented. See the names of Pythia * Historical information about the Oracle at Delphi, her guests, dates of many Priestesses, inc. Temple in Jerusalem. - Kove Dauser)

It was, indeed, the beginning of their decline; but they remained in repute, and were consulted, though perhaps not so frequently, till the fourth century, when Christianity began to triumph over paganism. The oracles often suffered themselves to be bribed. Alexander did it, but it is well known that Lysander failed in the attempt. Herodotus, who first mentioned the corruption which often prevailed in the oracular temples of Greece and Egypt, has been severely treated for his remarks, by the historian Plutarch. Demosthenes is also a witness of the corruption, and he observed, that the oracles of Greece were servilely subservient to the will and pleasure of Philip, King of Macedon, as he beautifully expresses it by the word 'Philipidzein.'

When in a state of inspiration, the eyes of the Priestess suddenly sparkled, her hair stood on end, and a shivering ran over all her body. In this convulsive state she spoke the oracles of the god, often with loud howlings and cries, and her articulations were taken down by the priest, and set in order. Sometimes the spirit of inspiration was more gentle, and not always violent; yet Plutarch mentions one of the priestesses who was thrown into such an excessive fury, that not only those that consulted the oracle, but also the priests that conducted her to the sacred tripod, and attended her during the inspiration, were terrified and forsook the temple; and so violent was the fit, that she continued for some days in the most agonizing situation, and at last died. At Delphos, the Pythia, before she placed herself on the tripod, used to wash her whole body, and particularly her hair, in the waters of the fountain Castalis, at the foot of mount Parnassus. She also shook a laurel tree that grew near the place, and sometimes ate the leaves, with which she crowned herself.


Priestess [Deni Gordon] in THE MATRIX

Temet Nosce - Know Thyself

The Priestess always appeared dressed in the garments of virgins to intimate their purity and modesty, and they were solemnly bound to observe the strictest laws of temperance and chastity, that neither fantastical dresses nor lascivious behaviour might bring the office, the religion, or the sanctity of the place into contempt. There was originally but one Pythia, besides subordinate priests, but afterwards two were chosen, and sometimes more. The most celebrated of all these is Phemonoe who is supposed by some to have been the first who gave oracles at Delphi. The oracles were always delivered in hexameter verses, a custom which was some time after discontinued. The Pythia was consulted only one month in the year, about the spring. It was always required, that those who consulted the oracle should make large presents to Apollo, and from thence arose the opulence, splendour, and the magnificence of the celebrated temple of Delphi. Sacrifices were also offered to the divinity, and if the omens proved unfavorable, the priestess refused to give an answer. There were generally five priests who assisted at the offering of the sacrifices, and there was also another who attended the Pythia, and assisted her in receiving the oracle.

We shall now proceed to describe some of the most celebrated of the ancient Oracles.

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ORACLE OF DELPHOS.

DELPHOS, now called Castri, the capital of Phocis, in Greece, was anciently much celebrated for its Temple and Oracle of Apollo. It was also called 'Pytho', by the poets; from the serpent Python, which Apollo killed in this place. Pausanias, however, says that this name Pytho was given to the city of Delphos, by Pythis, son of Delphus, and grandson of Lycorus. The Greek historians gave to this city the name of Delphos, which some suppose to have been so called from ‘Adelphoi,’ brethren, because Apollo and his brother Bacchus were both worshipped there; and others, with greater probability, derive the name from Delphos, 'single', or 'solitary', referring to the retired situation of the city among the mountains.

Justin questions, which was the most worthy of admiration, the fortification of the place, or the majesty of the god, who here delivered his oracles. The Temple of Apollo occupied a large space, and many streets opened to it. The first discovery which laid the foundation of the extraordinary veneration in which the Oracle of Delphos was held, and of the riches accumulated in the temple, is said to have been occasioned by some goats which were feeding on mount Parnassus, near a deep and large cavern, with a narrow entrance. These goats having been observed by the goat-herd, Coretas, to frisk and leap after a strange manner, and to utter unusual sounds immediately upon their approach to the mouth of the cavern, he had the curiosity to view it, and found himself seized with the like fit of madness, skipping, dancing, and fortelling things to come.

At the news of this discovery, multitudes flocked thither, many of whom were possessed with such frantic enthusiasm, that they threw themselves headlong into the opening of the cavern; insomuch, that it was necessary to issue an edict, forbidding all persons to approach it. This surprising place was treated with singular veneration, and was soon covered with a kind of chapel, which was originally made of laurel boughs, and resembled a large hut. This, according to the Phocian tradition, was surrounded by one of wax, raised up by bees. After this a third was built of solid copper, said to have been the workmanship of Vulcan.

This last was destroyed, by an earthquake, or, according to some authors, by fire, which melted the copper; and then a sumptuous Temple, altogether of stone, was erected by two excellent architects, Trophimus and Agamedes. This edifice was destroyed by fire in the 58th Olympiad, or 548 years B. C. The Amphictyons proposed to be at the charge of building another; but the Alcmeonides, a rich family of Athens, came to Delphos, obtained the honor of executing the building, and made it more magnificent than they had at first proposed. The riches of this Temple, amassed by the donations of those who frequented it and consulted the Oracle, exposed it to various depredations. At length the Gauls, under the conduct of Brennus, came hither for the same purpose, about 278 years B. C.; but they were repulsed with great slaughter. Last of all,Nero robbed it of 500 of its most precious brazen and golden statues.

It has not been ascertained at what time this Oracle was founded. It is certain, however, that Apollo was not the first who was consulted here. Aeschylus, in his tragedy of the Eumenides, says, Terra was the first who issued oracles at Delphi; after her Themis, then Phoebe, another daughter of Terra, and, as it is said, mother of Latona, and grandmother to Apollo. Pausanias says, that before Themis, Terra and Neptune had delivered oracles in this place, and some say that Saturn had also been consulted here. At length the Oracle of Apollo became established and permanent; and such was its reputation, and such were the multitudes from all parts that came to consult it, that the riches which were thus brought into the temple and city, became so considerable as to be compared with those of the Persian kings.

About the time when this Oracle was first discovered, the whole mystery requisite for obtaining the prophetic gift, is said to have been merely to approach the cavern and inhale the vapour that issued from it; and then the god inspired all persons indiscriminately; but at length several enthusiasts, in the excess of their fury, having thrown themselves headlong into the cavern, it was thought expedient to contrive a prevention of this accident, which frequently occurred. Accordingly, the priests placed over the hole, whence the vapour issued, a machine which they called "a tripod," because it had three feet, and commissioned a woman to seat herself in it, where she might inhale the vapour without danger, because the three feet of the machine stood firmly upon the rock. This Priestess was named Pythia+, from the serpent Python, slain by Apollo, or from the Greek 'puthesthai', signifying 'to inquire', because people came to Delphi to consult this deity. The females, first employed, were virgins selected with great precaution - but the only qualificationnecessary was to be able to speak and repeat what the god dictated.

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ORACLE OF DELOS.

The Oracle of Apollo, in Delos, was one of the most famous Oracles in the world, not only for its antiquity, but for the richness of the sacred presents dedicated to the god, and the numbers of persons that resorted hither from all parts for advice; in which respect it surpassed not only all the Oracles of other gods, but even those of Apollo, himself,--that of Delphos alone excepted. Some writers say, that the island had the name of Delos, from the clear and simple terms in which the answers were here given by the Oracle, contrary to the ambiguity observed in other places; but it was consulted only while Apollo made Delos his summer residence, for his winter abode was at Patara, a city of Lycia. The presents offered by the votaries to Apollo, were laid on the altar, which, as some say, was erected by Apollo himself, when he was only four years old, and formed of the horns of goats, killed by Diana, on mount Cynthus. It was preserved pure from blood and every kind of pollution, as offensive to Apollo. The whole island was an asylum, which extended to all living creatures, dogs excepted, which were not suffered to be brought on shore.

The native deities, Apollo and Diana, had three very magnificent temples erected for them in this island. That of Apollo, was, according to Strabo, (lib. x.) begun by Erysiapthus, the son of Cecrops, who is said to have possessed this island 1558 years B. C.; but it was afterwards much enlarged and embellished at the general charge of all the Grecian states. But Plutarch says, that is was one of the most stately buildings in the universe, and describes its altar, as deserving a place among the seven wonders of the world.

The inscription in this temple, as Aristotle informs us, (Ethic. I. i. c. 9.) was as follows: "Of all things the most beautiful is justice; the most useful is health; and the most agreeable is the possession of the beloved object."

Round the temple were magnificent porticoes, built at the charge of various princes, as appears from the still legible inscriptions. To this temple the neighbouring islands sent yearly a company of virgins to celebrate with dancing the festival of Apollo, and his sister Diana, and to make offerings in the name of their respective cities.

Delos was held in such reverence by most nations, that even the Persians, after having laid waste the other islands, and every where destroyed the temples of the gods, spared Delos; and Datis, the Persian admiral, forebore to anchor in the harbour.

 



Oracle Persia

 

 

* Personal Note on Themis (Greek) Themis appears in several regression sessions I’ve done, in part as the Goddess of oaths and convener of all the Olympian immortals. She is rarely mentioned in English, although references exist. There are a few footnotes scattered about, mostly European, suggesting her very early influence as time-keeper and overseer in charge of gathering the pantheon as a whole.

** Some words are in doubt due to present condition of the text copy. DKD Trans.

Dowser Article ~ The Deva at Raglan Castle, Hammerwood Park architecture
                                          based on Oracle ~ Island of Delos

Isiac Cult Museum Path
Holy water was of fundamental importance to the Isiac cult at Pompeii and was considered a means of purification; it is therefore extremely likely that the holy water drawn from the basin was taken away by the faithful for domestic ceremonies that were performed in the numerous Isiac lararia found in the houses of Pompeii.
The external part of the small temple is decorated in extremely bright colours, painted stuccoes with a yellow, red and blue background depicting Arpocrates, Isiac figures in procession and priestesses with typical Egyptian clothing and hairstyles. The panels with loving couples between Erotes – Mars and Venus on the western side and Perseus and Andromeda on the eastern side – are particularly striking.

Continue ANCIENT ORACLE PT II


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Now these stones had this virtue
that those who looked therein
might perceive in them things far off,
whether in place or in time.


 

click Gloria Foster
go MATRIX read a hand

 

We're Going Inn links
Visit MATRIX homepage

 

 


Coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the French
Ladyhawke
Robin Hood in Movies and TV
Villa of the Mysteries; see the Immortals Diggers Space

 

 

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